Tropical Grasslands (2003) Volume 37, 239–250

The adoption and scaling up of the use of fodder shrubs in central Kenya

S. FRANZEL1, C. WAMBUGU1, P. TUWEI2 and G. KARANJA3

1 World Agroforestry Centre, Nairobi, Kenya
2 Kenya Forestry Research Institute (KEFRI), Nairobi, Kenya
3 Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), Nairobi, Kenya

Abstract

Fodder shrubs have great potential for increasing the income of smallholder dairy farmers. This paper documents their use in central Kenya and the efforts of a range of institutions to promote their adoption. The successful dissemination of new knowledge-intensive practices such as planting and use of fodder shrubs requires much more than the transfer of seed and knowledge; it involves building partnerships with a range of stakeholders, ensuring the appropriateness of the practice and farmersŐ interest in it, assisting local communities to mobilise resources, and ensuring the effective participation of farmer groups in testing, disseminating, monitoring and evaluating the practice.

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