Tropical Grasslands (2007) Volume 41, 92–99

Establishment of sown pastures in the hilly red soil region of the subtropics in southern China

OUYANG KEHUI1,2, WANG KUN1, LI DERONG2, LI ZHENMING3 AND LIU BING3

1 Institute of Grassland Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing
2 College of Animal Science and Technology, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang
3 Grassland Management Station of Jiangxi Province, Nanchang, China

Abstract

Grasslands are not only a fundamental natural resource for sustaining economic development, but also a vital strategic resource that can solve the conflict between short food supply and lack of arable land in contemporary southern China. In recent years, sown pastures have been established on many sites in the hilly red soil region of the subtropics in southern China with good results. Establishment of pastures is difficult because of the many environmental constraints. Based on past experience, recommendations for establishing pastures of introduced tropical and temperate species in Jiangxi Province have been made. Soil conservation is an important consideration when preparing a fine seedbed for grasses, and application of N, P, K and lime on infertile acid red soils is critical for successful establishment. For weed control, moderate grazing and herbicide application can play important roles. Other important issues to be considered are discussed.

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