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(Macrotyloma axillare)

Axillaris - illustration
  • trailing, twining perennial
  • for tropical tablelands or subtropics
  • early spring growth, tolerates dry periods
  • few pests or diseases
  • stand-over feed for early winter.


Macrotyloma axillare (E. Meyer) Verde.
1 flowering and fruiting branch;
2 flower;
3 fruits.



Cv. Archer is a perennial twining legume. It has performed well on the hill-tops in the ranges of New South Wales and southern Queensland where rainfall is above 1000 mm and where frosts are not too severe. It recovers quickly from frost and grows away well in spring.

Being fairly drought-tolerant, Archer can withstand long dry periods, and also keep growing into autumn. It grows best on well-drained loams, but is not very tolerant of low fertility, responding well to superphosphate.

It is not very palatable when growing actively, and so is left often by stock during summer. After the valleys have frosted, cattle move to the hill tops to eat this high protein stand-over material in the autumn and winter period.

With a relatively large seed, Archer establishes quickly, and has been oversown into scrub country where lantana has been defoliated. It has also been planted under agro-forestry in the Gympie district. When destocked over summer, axillaris has climbed the trees and seeded freely. Seed production is difficult using headers because the vines wrap aound machinery.

Creator: Ian Partridge
Date created: 08 April 1998  Revised:15 January 2003

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